With an average growth of 1.10% every year, approximately 83 million people are added to this world annually. As the mankind commemorates World Population Day 2020 on this 11th of July with the UN, we bring you key world population day facts to describe how rapidly the world is changing around us.
World Population Day Facts
- At the moment, more than three quarters (26%) of the world’s population resides in Africa. It is growing exponentially and could reach up to 40% by 2100 (roughly double). As life expectancy increases (71 years by 2045) in Africa, it is going to play a major role in shaping world demography in the coming decades.
- The birth rate in Europe is decreasing progressively. It is 2.1 as compared to 4.7 births per woman in Africa. Population levels in all European countries are declining due to low fertility rates; on the other hand, life expectancy keeps on increasing in Europe (more than 80.9 years).
- With 90% of youth (10-24 years) residing in developing countries, children make up 26% of the world’s population. Out of these, 71% of millennials (people born between 1981 and 1997) live in Asia or sub-Saharan Africa. More than 60% population of African countries is under the age of 25 years as compared to only a quarter of this age group in Europe.
- More than 55% of people from around the globe live in urban areas; by 2050, this figure is expected to reach 70%. Asia and Africa make up 90% of the world’s rural population – in Asia, rural residents are 50%, and in Africa, they make up 43% of the population. North and Latin America are the most urbanized regions of the world.
- The number of young and old people is expected to become even by 2050. By 2050, about 22% of people on Earth will have age more than 60 years. Global life expectancy will increase up to 77 years by the year 2050.
What needs our attention?
Fertility, mortality, and migration figures remain uneven across the world regions and call for attention by their respective governments. From the facts mentioned above, reproductive age, fertility, and urbanization should be immediate areas of focus to allow our future generations to thrive in a healthy environment.
World population day facts and figures are largely creating challenges for nature, scarce resources, and infrastructure development.